Реферат Курсовая Конспект
Task II. Finish the utterances choosing the correct variant. - раздел Лингвистика, Практическая фонетика 1. Regularity Of Occurrence Of Stressed Syllables In English Is Closely Relat...
1. Regularity of occurrence of stressed syllables in English is closely related to another important feature of English rhythm: …
a) it’s categoric and definite character;
b) alternation of functional and notional words;
c) alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables;
d) close connection of words in speech.
2. The simplest example of close relationship between the stressed and unstressed syllables is …
a) a monosyllabic word-utterance;
b) an utterance with one notional word;
c) a polysyllabic word-utterance;
d) a monosyllabic word.
3. The tendency to alternate stressed and unstressed syllables appears to …
a) reflect the peculiarity of the composition of an English utterance and its utterance-stress;
b) make the meaning of an utterance precise;
c) organize an utterance semantically;
d) not to be very important.
4. The tendency to alternate stressed and unstressed syllables becomes active, i.e. capable of introducing certain modifications in the accentual structure, when an utterance consists of …
a) notional words;
b) exclusively of monosyllabic notional words;
c) functional words;
d) polysyllabic words.
5. Juxtaposed stress is …
a) never allowed in English;
c) possible if the meaning requires it;
d) is strictly prohibited.
6. The “normal” stressing of words in an utterance can be modified: words entitled to become prominent due to the their content nature are “deprived” of prominence in an utterance if both the immediately following and immediately preceding words are stressed. This phenomenon is known as …
b) relative prominence through stress reduction;
c) the influence of rhythm on utterance-stress;
d) prosodic coordination.
7. Anyway, the decisive factor for utterance-stress is the …
a) rhythmic structure of the words;
b) semantic weight of a word in the given context;
c) total number of the words in an utterance;
d) rule of alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables.
8. Many English words have two syllables …
a) due to the rule of alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables;
b) due to their etymology;
c) because of their derivation peculiarities;
d) because of the speakers communicative intention.
9. In connected speech words with two stresses …
a) usually retain both stresses;
b) as a rule lose one stress (or it is suppressed);
c) lose both of them;
d) are ignored by the speaker.
10. The omission of one of the stresses is more typical of …
a) polysyllabic derivative words;
b) borrowed words;
c) English nouns and adjectives;
d) double-stressed words with a second stress having a semantic function.
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