βֲί

βֲί - , Ͳ IJͲ 3.1 ³...

3.1

 

q ≤ Emax. (7)

 

q , 3.2,

Emax , . /2 . /3 , .4, 5 , , , .

3.2 (7) , , , , .

3.3 (7) - 75 % Rq min 80 % Rq min (1), (2) (3).

 

4 , Emax ,

∙/2, [∙/3]

/ max, ∙/2, [∙/3],
I II III IV
/        
1 3 ³ .5
4 5 89 [32] 77 [28] 65 [24] 53 [19]
6 7 83 [30] 72 [26] 61 [22] 50 [18]
8 9 79 [29] 69 [25] 58 [21] 48 [17]
10 11 75 [27] 65 [23] 55 [20] 45 [16]
12 73 [26] 63 [23] 54 [19] 44 [16]
/        
[44] [38] [32] [26]
[40] [34] [29] [24]
[38] [33] [28] [23]
4 5 94 [35] 81 [31] 69 [26] 56 [21]
6 7 89 [33] 77 [29] 65 [24] 53 [20]
8 9 83 [31] 72 [27] 61 [23] 50 [19]
10 11 79 [29] 69 [25] 58 [21] 48 [17]
12 77 [28] 67 [24] 57 [20] 46 [17]
˳ /        
[35] [31] [26] [21]
[34] [30] [25] [21]
[33] [29] [24] [20]
4 5 [32] [28] [24] [19]
6 7 [31] [27] [23] [19]
8 9 [30] [26] [22] [18]
10 11 [29] [25] [21] [17]
/        
1 3 [43] [37] [31] [26]
, , /        
[24] [21] [18] [92]
[23] [20] [17] [14]
[22] [19] [16] [13]
4 5 [21] [18] [15] [12]
6 7 [21] [18] [15] [12]

 


5 , Emax ,

∙/2

, , 2 ʳ
max, ∙/2,
I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV
60 - - -
60 150 - -
151 250 -
251 400
401 600 -
601 1000 -
1000 -

 

– –

:

Ͳ IJͲ

Ͳ IJͲ ֲ IJ Ͳ IJͲ...

, , , : βֲί

:

, :

:


  ֲ IJ     .2.6-31:2006

Ͳ IJͲ
  .2.6- 31 :2006 -3-79  

Ͳ βֲ ֲ ʲ IJ
1.1 . (, ) ,

ʲ ҲҲ
4.1 , ' : -

²Ҳ ֲ
5.1 ' : Rg ≥ Rg , (12)

ֲ ò ֲ
6.1 , , ' : Δw £ Δw, (16)


7.1


()   ˲ Ҳ, ʲ   .1.1-7-2002 .

̲
  , , .   -

ò ̲ ʲ в
  .1 ,φ, %,

̲,
  , 0, ', , :

² ԲֲҲ ²ײ вί,α, Ͳί,α, ֲ
  , /(2 ) α α

ײ ֲ
.1 :

.1.
  w, %


  .1 q, . /2


() ˲ вί Ͳ ֲ ֲֲ ҲҲ ˲Ͳ в

˲ ² ̲ ֲֲ ҲҲ в
.1 , ,0, :  

Ϊ ϲ
Y, /(2 ), : ) ( ) D

ʲ ²Ҳ ֲ
.1 , Δp, , : D = (H-hi) (g - g) + 0,03 g v

2 -

Ҳ ʲ
.1 , Λ ,   Λ =

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