ֲ

ֲ - , Ͳ IJͲ . ֲ IJ .2.6-31:2006   ...

 

 

, /(2 )
α α
, , , h b h/b ≤ 0,3 h/b > 0,3   8,7 7,6  
8,7
, 8,7
³, , 8,0
9,9

– –

:

Ͳ IJͲ . ֲ IJ .2.6-31:2006

Ͳ IJͲ ... ... ֲ IJ ...

, , , : ֲ

:

, :

:

ֲ IJ -3-79
2007-04-01 ֳ ( )

Ͳ βֲ ֲ ʲ IJ
1.1 . (, ) , ,

βֲί ʲ Ͳ Ҳ
2.1 , , 3 , '

βֲί
3.1 q ≤ Emax , (6) q -

ʲ ҲҲ
4.1 , ' : -

²Ҳ ֲ
5.1 ' Rg ≥ Rg , (12) Rg -

ֲ ò ֲ
6.1 ' Δw ≤ Δw , (16) Δw -


7.1 . 7.2

˲ Ҳ, ʲ
.1.1 -7-2002 .1.4-0.01-97 .1.4-0.02-97 .1.4-1.01-97 .1.4-2.01-97 .2.2-9-1999 .2.2-15-2005 .2.5-24-2003 .2.6-17-2000 (

̲
, , . - ,

в
.1 -   φ , %,

̲
, , ', ,

ײ ֲ
.1 RΣ =

² ԲͲ IJ в˲
.1 - Բ /  

.2 Բ IJ в˲
, .1, .

ֲ Ҳ ² Բֲ ˲
.1 , (.1)


.1 q , /2 /3,

ֲֲ ҲҲ ˲Ͳ в
.1 , ,

˲ ² ̲ ֲֲ ҲҲ в
.1 , ,

ϲ
Y , /(2 ∙), : ) ( ) D

ʲ ²Ҳ ֲ
.1 Δp , , Δp=(H-hi)(γ - γ)+0,03γ_


1 -   ( , , )   &nb

Ҳ ʲ
.1 Λ , Λ =FΣIVh , (.1)

.2.6-31:2006
" . " 9 2006 . 301 () -

?
Education Insider Sample
100% E-Mail