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Revision Exercises

Revision Exercises - раздел Образование, Времена группы indefinite active   I. Оборот There + To Be 1.there Wer...

 

I. Оборот there + to be

1.There were several empty seats in the bus when I got into it. 2. There is a great number of goods that can be transported by air. 3. There is no fear of damaging the machine if it is properly maintained. 4. There was no chance of getting tickets for this concert. 5. There are very powerful cranes for unload­ing ships in this port. 6. There was still some hope of reach­ing the destination in time. 7. There are some factories to be rebuilt in this region. 8. Is there any demand for the tubes of that size? 9. There are no reasons for his being late. 10. There are always some problems to be solved. 11. There have been several bad accidents at this corner recently. 12. There has been an increased demand for this kind of goods. 13. There were plenty of furnished flats and furnished houses in the village now. 14. There is a place where two streets cross. There are lights in the middle of the crossing. If there is a red light drivers of cars and buses must stop. Then they must wait un­til the red light changes to green. Sometimes there is a yellow light between the red and the green. It means that you must stop and wait until it changes to green.

II. Степени сравнения прилагательных

1. Не thought he was the happiest man in the world. 2. Mayakovsky is one of the most talented Soviet poets. 3. The new car is more comfortable than the previous one. 4. His radio set is not so powerful as mine. 5. The Neva is wider and deeper than the Moskva River. 6. Last year he spent less time on English than this year. 7. The sooner they finish the construction of the plant the better. 8. The book is not so interesting as you think. 9. The more time you spend in the open air the sooner you will recover after your illness. 10. He has much more free time than I have. 11. Tom runs fast. Dick runs faster, but Harry runs fastest. 12. This road is the worst I've ever travelled over. 13. If you listen to the teacher more attentively you understand better. 14. Do you think people read more books twenty years ago than they do today? 15. Tennis and football are the games I like best. 16. This is the hottest day we have had for several weeks. 17. Smiles is the longest word in the English language because there is a mile between two "s". 18. Yesterday was hotter than any other day we had this summer.

 

III. Времена группы Indefinite Active и Passive

1. At last he returned to his native country to the little town where his childhood was spent. 2. The latest surgical instruments were used during this unique operation. 3. The trouble is that this student does not work properly at his English. 4. Before the experiment the substances are mixed in a large cup. 5. The commission will consider this offer carefully before accepting it. 6. In spite of the fact that the report was short, it covered the subject completely. 7. This instrument is preferred to all others because of its great reliability. 8. The doctor said that an urgent operation was needed. 9. They will do everything in their power to help us. 10. I hope we shall never deal with this matter again. 11. The last experimental results were constantly referred to by the professor. 12. This airplane crosses the Atlantic in about 10 hours. 13. The Houses of Parliament are situated in Westminster.

 

IV. Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты

1. Не is to go to the Far East on business. 2. When are we to visit the laboratories of the Institute? 3. He has to investigate a series of accidents that occurred in the locality for a period of three months. 4. We had to find a safe place for the pictures. 5. I shall have to take a local train. 6. You should follow all the important scientific researches in your field. 7. He was allowed to use the mobile equipment. 8. You needn't keep your activities in secret. 9. You can see this old film in one cinema only. 10. The laboratory was to make important scien­tific experiments in a very short time. 11. The talks were to be attended by the representatives of fifteen European countries. 12. We shall be able to see a number of Chaplin's films in September. 13. You are to write your name at the top of the paper. 14. If you want to know English you have to work hard. 15. We had to walk home because the last bus had gone. 16. I'll have to come to the Institute at 8 o'clock tomorrow. 17. The teacher will have to explain this difficulty.

 

V. Времена группы Continuous Active и Passive

1. When he met me I was going to the Institute and had little time to talk to him. 2. "What's your little brother doing?" "He is still sleeping." 3. She was sitting there doing nothing. 4. Next Monday we'll be working only five hours. 5. The construction of the road was being completed when the commission arrived. 6. The new engine is being tested in the laboratory. 7. Automation is being increasingly used in all the branches of our industry. 8. The child is being looked for everywhere. 9. A new research is being carried out successfully. 10. When I come home the family will be watching the TV programme. 11. A new hydroelectric station was being built when we came there to have practice. 12. Scientists are studying the currents of the Pacific Ocean. 13. I want to know what new books are being published. 14. He cut himself while he was repairing his car. 15. What subjects is he studying and which subject does he like best?

 

VI. Времена группы Perfect Active и Passive

1. He has never been there. 2. When you see him next, he will have passed the last exam. 3. By that time we had already changed our plans. 4. He decided to become a writer only when his first story had been published. 5. No one came in here since we have been here. 6. He has been shown her photo. 7. He told me that he had never been to doctors. 8. The boy has never been told the truth. 9. The papers have not yet been sent. 10. It's a long time since I have visited that town. 11. By that time the story had been long forgotten even by the storyteller himself. 12. The better results have not been obtained yet. 13. The street has been widened. 14. The light has just changed from green to red. 15. I have not made my plans yet. . 16. Several attempts have been made recently to produce artificial rain. 17. Have you ever seen a bull-fight? 18. Have you ever travelled by air? — Yes, I have often travelled by air. A month ago I flew to the Caucasus.

 

VII. Согласование времен

1. He said that by the year 2000 the number of skiers in the world would reach 75 million. 2. He asked me if I knew about the largest contracts concluded by the firm. 3. We didn't know whether our plan would bring us success, 4. They wanted to know what our present research was centred upon. 5. He asked if the car-manufacturing plant had expanded its international operations. 6. He reported that the firm was holding talks about possible construction of an automobile plant in that district. 7. I thought that the organization had already started its work. 8. He added that he could show us the col­lection of mail stamps his father had started to collect in his college days. 9. He said he was no longer interested in the discussion of that problem. 10. It was announced that the expedition had already left for the Kurils. 11. He asked me whether I had known about the planning and fulfilment of his mission. 12. I was told, that you were good at mathematics. 13. Tom said he knew a man who was an automobile engineer. 14.The student said that the exercise had many sentences and added that he would do it in half an hour. 15. The engineer said that he didn't think that the office work would be interesting for him. 16. The mechanic asked me if the car had been damaged.

 

VIII.Неопределенные местоимения some, any и отрицательное местоимение no.

1. There was no water left in the radiator, so we had to stop and refill it. 2. Any engineer who has worked long enough in this field can give this information. 3. I cannot consult just any person, I need someone who is an expert on the problem and who has had enough experience. 4. He said he had no wish to read detective stories. 5. I don't want to have any argument. The matter is clear enough for me. 6. He makes no attempts to establish any contacts with our group, so I under stand he got no such orders. 7. No explanation was given to him why the experiment had been stopped. 8. The scientists believe that there is practically no atmosphere on the Moon. 9. You've got absolutely no ground for saying so. 10. The station master said that no trains had arrived at the station during the night because of the heavy snow storms in the mountains. 11. It was clear that no person could do this work alone. 12. None of the young men seemed to enjoy the film. 13. No discovery can be made without wide experimentation. 14. Any moving object will continue to move in a straight line unless it is stopped by some other force.

 

Infinitive Past Indefinite Participle II Значение
awake be become begin blow break bring build burn choose come cut do dream drive eat fall feed feel fight find fly forget freeze get give go grow have hear hold hurt keep know lay lead learn leave let lie lose make mean meet pay put read rise run say see sell send shine show sink sing sit sleep speak   awoke was/were became began blew broke brought built burnt chose came cut did dreamt drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forgot froze got gave went grew had heard held hurt kept knew laid led learnt left let lay lost made meant met paid put read rose ran said saw sold sent shone showed sank sang sat slept spoke   awaked, awoke been become begun blown broken brought built burnt chosen come cut done dreamt driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forgotten frozen got given gone grown had heard held hurt kept known laid led learnt left let lain lost made meant met paid put read risen run said seen sold sent shone shown sunk sung sat slept spoken   будить быть становиться начинать дуть ломать приносить строить гореть выбирать приходить резать делать мечтать вести (машину) есть падать кормить чувствовать бороться, сражаться находить летать забывать замерзать получать давать идти расти иметь слышать держать причинять боль хранить знать класть вести изучать покидать разрешать лежать терять делать значить встречать платить класть читать подниматься бежать сказать видеть продавать отправлять сверкать показывать тонуть петь сидеть спать говорить  

 

spend stand strike swell   swim swing take teach tear tell think throw understand win write spent stood struck swelled   swam swung took taught tore told thought threw understood won wrote spent stood struck swollen   swum swung taken taught torn told thought thrown understood won written тратить стоять ударять раздуваться, распухать плавать качать врать учить рвать рассказывать думать бросать понимать выигрывать писать

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Эта тема принадлежит разделу:

Времена группы indefinite active

Времена группы indefinite active.. Глаголы в формах Indefinite относят действие к настоящему прошедшему или будущему времени не уточняя как оно протекает по времени Времена..

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Все темы данного раздела:

Past Indefinite
Стандартные глаголы образуют формы в Past Indefinit путем прибавления к инфинитиву ( без частицы to ) суффикса –ed (d) для всех лиц единственного и множественного числа. Например: To ask –

Write sentences from these words. Put the verb in the right form
(arrive or arrives etc.). 1 (always / early / Sue / arrive) Sue always arrives early. 2 (basketball / I / play / often) I..............................................

Put the verb in the correct form - positive, negative or question.
  1 We went to the cinema but the film wasn't very good. We didn't enjoy it. (enjoy) 2 Tim.......................................some new clothes yesterday - two shirt

Learn the vocabulary.
  Invention – изобретение Vacuum tube – вакуумная трубка, электронная лампа Device – прибор, устройство Record player – проигрыватель Power – мощно

Electronics in the home
Electronics began at the start of the twentieth century with the invention of the vacuum tube. The first devices for everyday use were radios, followed by televisions, record players, and tape reco

Translate the definitions.
Anodeis an electrode for the collection of electrons. Cathode (in electron tubes) is the electrode from which emission takes place. Diode

Translate
1. while operating; 2. while charging; 3. while forming; 4. while producing; 5. while creating; 6. while insulating; 7. while adding; 8. while increasing; 9. while decreasing Learn the

Lesson 2
ВРЕМЕНА ГРУППЫ CONTINUOUS ACTIVE and PASSIVE Глаголы в формах Continuous употребляются, когда требуется подчеркнуть, что действие продолжается, продолжалось или бу­дет продолжаться в то вр

Write questions from these words. Use is or are and put the words in order.
  1 (working / Paul / today?) Is Paul working today? 2 (what / doing / the children?) What are the children doing? 3 (you / listening / to me?)........

Put the verb into the past continuous or past simple.
  1 A: What were you doing (you/do) when the phone rang (ring)? B: I was watching (watch) television. 2 A: Was Jane busy when you went to see he

Words to Be Learnt
available a — имеющийся considerable a — значительный copper n — медь desirable a — нужный difficult a — трудный either... or …—либо..., либо e

Read and translate
  BETTER METALS ARE VITAL TO TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS   Since the earliest days the preparation of metals for mechanical use was vital to the advance of civilizat

PYROELECTRIC SENSOR CONSTRUCTION
Pyroelectric infra-red sensors consist of a ceramic element, an alumina substrate and a circuit with field effect transistor (FET) and strong resistance, a window material. To attain excel

ФУНКЦИИ И ПЕРЕВОД СЛОВА ONE (ONES)
One, стоящее перед личной формой глагола, является формальным подлежащим и указывает на то, что данное предложение является неопределенно-личным. В этом случае на русский язык one не переводится, а

Усилительное (для выделения отдельных членов предложения).
It is Popov who indented the radio. - Радио изобрел не кто иной, как Попов.   Exercises: 1. Put in it is (it's) or is it.

Complete the sentences. Choose from the boxes.
      It’s easy dangerous nice impossible interesting difficult     to work in t

Classifying Materials
  There are many ways of classifying materials. The one we shall use here is based on the ability of a material to conduct electricity. It is known that conduction takes place as a re

The Simplest Atom
  The simplest atom is that of the element hydrogen and it consists merely of a single proton in a nucleus and a single electron in orbit around it. The helium atom is the next simple

ВРЕМЕНА ГРУППЫ PERFECT ACTIVE И PASSIVE
  Глаголы в формах Perfect указывают, что действие закончено или закончится к определенному моменту времени в настоящем, прошедшем или будущем. Глаголы в формах Perfect обычн

The Future Perfect Continuous Tense
shall + have been + Participle I will Future Perfect Continuous выражает длительное будущее действие, которое начнется ранее другого будущего действия или мо­мента и будет еще сов

Read the situations and complete the sentences.
1 The rain started two hours ago. It's still raining now. It ...has been raining... for two hours. 2 We started waiting for the bus 20 minutes ago. We're still waiting now. We....

Read the situations and make sentences from the words in brackets.
1 I was very tired when I arrived home. (I / work / hard all day) I had been working hard all day. 2 The two boys came into the house. They had a football and they were both very

Put the verb into the correct form, will be (do)ing or will have (done).
1 Don't phone me between 7 and 8. ...We'll be haying... (we/have) dinner then. 2 Phone me after 8 o'clock........................................(we/finish) dinner by then. 3 Tomo

Complete the sentences with a verb from the list.
break buy decide forget go go invite see not/see take tell   1 Can I have this newspaper?' 'Yes, I've finished. with it.' 2 I........................................

Write questions with yet.
  1 Your friend has got a new job. Perhaps she has started it. You ask her: Have you started your new job yet? 3 Your friend must write a letter

Put in gone or been.
1 Bill is on holiday at the moment. He's …gone..to Spain. 2 Where's Jill?' 'She's not here. I think she's.................................to the bank.' 3 Hello, Sue. Where have yo

MARIE CURIE AND THE DISCOVERY OF RADIUM
  Marie Curie was born in Warsaw on 7 November, 1867. Her father was a teacher of science and mathematics in a school in the town, and from him little Maria Sklodowska — which was her

Modal Verbs (МОДАЛЬНЫЕ ГЛАГОЛЫ)
  Глаголы can, may, must являются модальными глагола­ми; они не обозначают действия, а выражают отношение к нему, т. е. возможность, вероятность или необходимость совершения действия.

Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты
Для образования отрицательной формы после модального глаго­ла ставится отрицательная частица not. Примечание: Отрицание not с глаголом сап пишется слитно: cannot. Для образования

Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты
Present Indefinite Past Indefinite Future Indefinite

COMPOUNDS AND ELEMENTS
All the substances which occur in nature consist of one or more basic elements; a substance containing more than one element is known as a compound. An element is a substance that can neither be de

Exercises
1. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на различные способы выражения долженствования: 1. In scientific work we must measure in units of the metri

Translate
1. Who can translate this sentence? 2. You can go to Leningrad by train or by airplane. 3. Could you speak English a year ago? 4. I hope they will be able to reach the vil­lage before it is dark. 5

Fill in the gaps
1. Nina is ill. She ... stay in bed. 2. Drivers ... stop when they see the red light. 3. Betty asked: "... I open the window?" 4. Betty asked her father: "... I go to the concert ton

Страдательный залог
to be + Participle II   Страдательный залог показывает, что подлежащее пассивно, т. е. оно подвергается воздействию со стороны другого лица или предмета. Страдательн

Особенности перевода подлежащего.
Подлежащее английского предложения при сказуемом в страдательном залоге может переводиться на русский язык существительным (или местоимением) в именительном падеже и во всех косвенных падежах:

Correct these sentences.
1. {This house built} 100 years ago. …This house was built… 2. Football plays in most countries of the world. ………………………… 3. Why did the letter send to the wrong address? ………………………

Read and translate
LONDON'S UNDERGROUND Bands were playing and the gentlemen in hats were preparing to make speeches about their great achievement. They made the first underground railway tr

Future-in-the-Past (Будущее в прошедшем)
В русском языке мы употребляем будущее время глагола, не задумываясь о том, в каком времени ведется повествование в целом, употребляется ли будущее время в главном или придаточном предложении, и да

Существительные, имеющие разные значения в форме ед. и мн. числа
custom – обычай damage – повреждение pain – боль people – люди quarter – четверть work – работа customs – таможня damages – убытки pains – стара

Артикль (The Article)
Сравнительная таблица употребления артиклей с существительными в единственном числе A, an (неопределенный) The (определенный)

Имя прилагательное (The Adjective)
Прилагательные Положительная степень Сравнительная степень Превосходная степень Односложные и некоторые дву-

Местоимение (The Pronoun)
Ли-цо Личные Притяжательные Возвратнно-усилитель-ные Имени-тельный падеж Объект-ный падеж

Глагол (The Verb)
Спряжение глагола to ask (действительный залог) Время Indefinite (факты, повторяющиеся действия) Continuous (действия, происходящие в то

Предлоги, обозначающие время
  In - в, через in May, in 1980, in summer in two hours, in three days Запомните: in the morning — утром in the afternoon — днем in the eve

Суффиксы
Суффиксы Словообразование 1. существительных -ance (-ence) -er (-or) -ing -t(ion) -ism -ist -(i) ty -ness -ment

Приставки
Приставки Словообразование un- in- (im-, il-, ir-) re- dis- mis- necessary — unnecessary correct — incorrect (pol

Названия некоторых стран, национальностей и языков
Страна Национальность Язык Belgium Бельгия the Belgians бельгийцы French фра

List of abbreviations
  А.С. = (a.c.) = alternating current = переменный ток a.f. = audio frequency = звуковая частота A.F.C. = automatic frequency control = автоматическая подстройка час

Supplementary Reading
CONTROL SYSTEM   Computers have revolutionized manufacturing. They have given manufacturing engineers control over events in the factory. With this information, processes can

FROM DICTIONARIES OF ELECTRONICS
  A TRIODE is an electron tube with three electrodes namely a cathode, control grid and anode. This was the first amplifying tube and was invented by Lee de Forest in 1905 when he pla

THE TWO SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS
  The two semiconductor materials used in the manufacture of semiconductor devices, such as diodes and transistors, are germanium and silicon. Both these materials fall into group IV

SEMICONDUCTORS
  Semiconductors are solids whose resistivity lies between those : of electrical conductors and insulators. Semiconductors are used in computers, in radio and TV receivers,

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