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Reading of English consonant clusters

Reading of English consonant clusters - раздел Лингвистика, Раздел I. Сегментная фонетика English Sibilants And Interdental Sounds Which Don’T Have Their Equivalents I...

English sibilants and interdental sounds which don’t have their equivalents in the Latin alphabet are denoted by combinations of consonants, the second element of which is “h”, e. g. she, chain, thus, three.

All the combinations of consonants, except “sh”, have the primary and the secondary sound meanings. The combinations of consonants are read in the primary sound meaning in most English words. In the words of foreign origin they are read in their secondary meaning.



cluster sound where examples
ch [t∫] [k] [∫] [d3]   Geek and Latin French cheap, chair ache, school machinery, chef sandwich, spinach
th [θ] [t] [ð] word end and beginning proper names between and before vowels throw, tooth Thomas, Thailand this, leather
ph [v] [f]   Greek and Latin Stephen philosophy, phonetics
sh [∫]   shelf, wash

Reading of “ng, nk”

cluster sound where Examples
ng [ŋ] In final position or before suffixes –er, -est, -ed, -ing Sing, singing, singer
ng [ŋg] In the middle of a root word Anger, hunger but angel, conglomerate, congratulate
nk [ŋk] Any position Ink, pink




The leter “n” denotes:

[n] in prefixes – con, - non, - in, -un (income, nonsense, confident, unread)

[ŋ] before: c, k ([k] function, tank), ck, qu ([k] conquer, ancker), xi ([k∫] anxious), g ([g] England, longer), the suffixes and endings –er, -est, -ed, -ing (sing, singer, singing)



Ex. 1 Read the words with letter “n”:

condition tranquil non-stop confidential constant cleanest hank infamous unbroken conquer singing interrupt hang anxious lighting fore-finger unconscious inkpot


Ex. 2 Transcribe the following words and divide them into groups according to the reading of the combinations:

linked, wings, inkpot, jungle, anxious, mounting, singer, single, anger, anxious, nonsense, eating, finger, income, function, conquer, having, confident, eaten, English, concentration, nonplus, indirect, frank, hanger, linked, wings, jungle, anxious, mounting, condition, nonunion, invisible, tank, function, belonged, nice, can't, sing, incredible, land, giant, pane, strong, bringing, long, banker.


Ex. 3 Find the odd word:

1. jungle, nonsense, Frank, sorting, single.

2. uneasy, nonplus, convention, English, irritation.

3. ring, tongue, boring, chunk, conversion.

4. dinner, convenient, nonstop, involve, undid.

5. unclaimed, nonsense, link, inhale.

6. finger, hang, frank, stronger.

7. singer, hanger, belonged, doing.


Ex. 4 Add the word according to the rule:

1. informal, non-aggression, unable, ...

2. tank, frank, hank, ...

3. longer, stronger, younger, ...

4. sung, wing, finger, ...

5. consult, industry, indulge, ...

6. stinks, tank, inkpot, ...

7. boring, sorting, lying, ...


Ex. 5 Explain the rules of reading in these proverbs:

1. What is done cannot be undone.

2. Wars the sport of kings.

3. He who swims in sin will sink in sorrow.

4. The proof of the pudding is in the eating.

5. Better unborn than untaught.

6. Honey is sweet but the bee stings.



Ex.6 Find the odd word according to the way of the reading of consonant clusters:

1. accept, success, soccer, accede, access, accent.

2. anchor, young, conquer, conclude, function.

3. think, thunder, throne, thyme, thick, thing.

4. chaos, chord, stomach, monarchy, chaste.

5. tooth, scythe, truth, thumb, throw, thin.

6. go, gargle, gage, glove, stage, give.

7. chef, chic, champagne, charade, chick.


– Конец работы –

Эта тема принадлежит разделу:

Раздел I. Сегментная фонетика

Лингвогуманитарный колледж Учреждения образования... Минский государственный лингвистический университет... Раздел I Сегментная фонетика...

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B) with the ending -(e)d
  [t] [d] [id]         For

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