рефераты конспекты курсовые дипломные лекции шпоры

Реферат Курсовая Конспект

Предлагаемое пособие разработано для развития навыков опосредованного перевода и устной речи слушателей программы дополнительного профессионального образования «Переводчик в сфере профессиональной коммуникации»

Предлагаемое пособие разработано для развития навыков опосредованного перевода и устной речи слушателей программы дополнительного профессионального образования «Переводчик в сфере профессиональной коммуникации» - раздел Связь,   От Авторов &n...

 

ОТ АВТОРОВ

 

 

Предлагаемое пособие разработано для развития навыков опосредованного перевода и устной речи слушателей программы дополнительного профессионального образования «Переводчик в сфере профессиональной коммуникации», студентов технических вузов в качестве материала, используемого для элективных курсов, а также лиц, самостоятельно изучающих английский язык.

Пособие составлено на основе новелл К. Мэнсфилд, признанного мастера короткого рассказа. Подробные психологические характеристики персонажей, детальное описание повседневных событий позволяют преподавателю выделить для обсуждения в аудитории достоверные ситуации, выбрать для них из текстов тематическую лексику, которую можно дополнить соответствующими лексическими единицами, словосочетаниями с примерами их использования.

Рассказы не адаптированы и расположены в порядке нарастания трудностей. Разнообразные упражнения к каждому тексту позволяют преподавателю интенсифицировать аудиторную работу над всеми видами речевой деятельности с целью достижения соответствующего уровня языковой компетенции.

Пособие прошло успешную апробацию на занятиях со слушателями программы «Переводчик в сфере профессиональной коммуникации» и со студентами 3-4 курсов в рамках факультатива и электива.

 

CONTENTS

 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

"Henry was a great fellow for books. He did not read many nor did he possess above half a dozen. He looked at all in the Charing Cross Road… Katherine Mansfield was born in Wellington, New Zealand, into a middle-class… After an unhappy marriage with George Brown, whom she left a few days after weddings. Mansfield toured for a while as…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

bosom, shower, toe, divine, tangerine, pyramid, towel, precious, exquisite, interior, anaemia, jonquil, crouch, proprietorship, weird, pistachio, phoenix, scheme, ache, squeeze, hideous, extravagantly.

Comprehension Check

a) Did Bertha feel different on that particular day? How could she account for her emotions?

b) How did her emotions affect her preparations for the party?

c) How good was Bertha at bringing up her Little B?

d) What does the pear tree in full bloom symbolize? Can you find any other symbols in the story?

e) How important is the description of Bertha’s friends in understanding her inner world?

f) Did Harry’s strong dislike for Miss Fulton arouse any suspicion of yours?

g) What do you think was going to happen when all the guests were gone?

 

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column. Find sentences with these words in the story.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) ‘There is not a ……………. so strongly rooted in the human heart as envy.’

b) The play …………. us.

c) I am very ……………….. to sell my house.

d) Most people ……….. the law.

e) They had a …….. discussion about the issue.

f) I find it very …………….. that you did tell anyone.

g) They had a ……….. time at the ball.

h) I don’t think you ……….. how important this is to her.

i) She was ……………. with health.

j) It was a scene of such domestic …….. .

k) We could hardly ………. to be outdoors in the blinding sunlight.

Explain in other words the following phrases. Find in the story sentences with the following expressions and read them aloud. Translate them into Russian and let your fellow students translate them back into English without a book.

to tone something with something; a very sound couple; to be keen on something; to catch somebody’s heels; to get on with somebody; to be the cream of; to make up one’s mind; to come across something; to have a zest for life.

Put in the missing prepositions.

a) She wanted to laugh … the melodramatic way he was acting.

b) She was afraid to say anything to them … fear … hurting their feelings.

c) She asked them why they hadn’t turned the lights …

d) She was especially fond … a little girl named Betsy.

e) Linda remained … telephone … the police … three hours.

f) I see your point but I’m not sure I agree… you.

g) Both the House and Senate have agreed … the need for the money.

h) Donna agreed … both requests.

i) I will get … touch … solicitors about this.

j) I fell … love … him because … his kind nature.

 

Match one of the following adjectives to each description.

a) A …………… person has strong romantic or sexual feelings and expresses them in their behavior. b) Someone or something that is …………..is strange and is not known about or… c) If someone is …………..they are upset or worried.

Complete the sentences the way the author puts it in the story.

b) ‘Although Bertha Young was thirty she still had moments like this when ….’

c) ‘How idiotic civilization is! Why be given a body, if…’

d) She looked into the mirror and ‘it gave her back…’

e) ‘ Why have a baby if it has to be kept…’

f) ‘ She always did fall in love with…’

g) ‘ Harry and she were as much in love…’

h) They had friends …

i) What she appreciated in Harry was…

j) Miss Fulton gave her strange half-smile as though …

k) Harry seemed to dislike Miss Fulton and he often said that …

l) Bertha ‘turned her head towards the hall. And she saw…’

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Тебя неожиданно охватывает чувство необыкновенного счастья; в комнате было сумрачно и довольно прохладно; это должно случиться непременно; это звучало совершенно неубедительно и нелепо; неподходящий момент; так очаровательно улыбнулась; мне так трудно с ней после этого; я тебя обожаю; ей хотелось пообщаться с ним минутку; она интересовалась искусством оформления интерьеров; добрые друзья; все до одного пожирали меня взглядом; как ужасно; что же теперь будет?

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Read the beginning of the essay and finish it in your own way.

Katherine Mansfield’s “Bliss” is a very beautifully modulated short story that gives us an insight into the mind of a young woman Bertha. Bertha, the innocently happy wife, in a moment of horrified insight recognizes her successful rival. Bertha is suddenly aware that she has been living in a world of illusion and finds herself in the world of experience. At the beginning of the story we find Bertha in an ecstatic mood. She is so happy that she cannot express her happiness in words.

She thinks her life is …

Respond to the statements.

a) ‘There is love of course. And then there’s life, its enemy.’

Jean Anouilh (1910–87), French playwright.

b) ‘Immature love says: “I love you because I need you.” Mature love says: “I need you because I love you.”

Erich Fromm (1900–80), U.S. psychologist.

 

c) ‘To fall in love is to create a religion that has a fallible god.’

Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986), Argentinian author.

 

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons.

a) ‘To love someone is to isolate him from the world, wipe out every trace of him, dispossess him of his shadow, drag him into a murderous future. It is to circle around the other like a dead star and absorb him into a black light.’

Jean Baudrillard, French semiologist.

 

b) ‘True love is like ghosts, which everyone talks about but few have seen.’

François, Duc de La Rochefoucauld, French writer, moralist.

 

 

Pictures

"Oh, dear," thought Miss Moss, "I am cold. I wonder why it is that I always wake up so cold in the mornings now. My knees and feet… A pageant of Good Hot Dinners passed across the ceiling, each of them… "Even if I were to get up now," she thought, "and have a sensible substantial breakfast..." A…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

pageant, nourishing, shepherd, bodice, sepulchral, cockroach, vanity, contralto, brooch, cashier, mauve, weird, hideous, yacht, crooked, apron.

Comprehension Check

a) Ada Moss was having a difficult time, wasn’t she?

b) What can you guess about her past? Speak about her education, career and prospects of finding a job.

c) Was her landlady a soft-hearted woman?

d) What kind of letter did Miss Moss receive? What reasons did the landlady have to read it?

e) What did she decide to do to improve her state of mind?

f) Why did she have to change her plans and go straight to Kig and Kadgit?

g) Did she succeed in getting a job?

h) Do you think that the Café de Madrid was a special place to go?

i) Had she ever been there before?

j) How desperate should a person be to accept such a way of earning money?

 

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column. Find sentences with these words in the story.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) It is worth ………………. to sieve the fruit by hand.

b) He …….. no …….. of having recognized her.

c) The Prime Minister …………that the journalist’s question embarrassed him.

d) They ………a lot of …….to find the right person for the right job.

e) I ran after her, ………….people.

f) He says he’s been working hard, but I haven’t seen any …….. of it.

g) The tree ……… some shelter from the sun.

h) The identity of the city in the novel is deliberately left…….. .

i) He was ……….nervously on the arm of the chair.

j) I ……. the boys …. for making so much noise.

k) The children laughed loudly………. at each other.

l) He ……… with annoyance.

m) She looked at us, ……… from ear to ear.

Find words opposite in meaning to the following ones from the story. Use them in the sentences of your own.

fatty awful unsympathetic natural ugly to turn pale

 

6. Find in the story verbs similar in meaning to the following:

a) to move forward very slowly;

b) to move away backwards;

c) to move with energy;

d) to go after somebody;

e) to move smoothly in a particular direction;

f) to move or fall in a heavy or awkward way.

 

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Пудра; я замерзла; плотный завтрак; очень мило с вашей стороны; так больше продолжаться не может; у вас слишком доброе сердце; личное письмо; отчитать кого-то; скорчить рожицу; она сделала вид, что не слышит; привлекательная девушка; она от души расплакалась; это ее приободрило.

 

8. Ada’a inner dialogues create different pictures in which she has a part to play. Explain how her character becomes revealed in them.

Comment on the following words of the author.

a) ‘…an old brown cat without a tail appeared from nowhere… It gave Miss Moss a queer feeling to watch – a sinking, as you might say’.

b) ‘The girl not only frowned; she seemed to smell something vaguely unpleasant; she sniffed.’

c) ‘ Why shouldn’t I go to the Café de Madrid? I am a respectable woman I’m a contralto singer. And I’m only trembling because I’ve had nothing to eat to-day…’

 

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

 

Respond to the statements.

a) ‘A poor man with nothing in his belly needs hope, illusion, more than bread.’

Georges Bernanos (1888–1948), French novelist, political writer.

b) ‘The natural flights of the human mind are not from pleasure to pleasure, but from hope to hope.’

Samuel Johnson (1709–84), English author, lexicographer.

Challenge the following statement. Give your reasons.

‘Hope is a bad thing. It means that you are not what you want to be. It means that part of you is dead, if not all of you. It means that you entertain illusions. It’s a sort of spiritual clap, I should say.’

Henry Miller (1891–1980), U.S. author.

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

 

 

Sun and Moon

Moon thought they were hats. She said: "Look. There's a man wearing a palm on his head." But she never knew the difference between real… There was nobody to look after Sun and Moon. Nurse was helping Annie alter Mother's dress which was much-too-long-and-tight-under-the-arms and Mother was running…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Palm, squeak, thumb, ton, furniture, row, statue, blancmange, almond, flour, squiggle, blind, napkin, brooch, cherub, precious, bully.

Comprehension Check

a) What event is described in the story?

b) How well-off is the family described in the story?

c) What was Mother busy with?

d) What were the children’s names and what did they look like?

e) In what way were they different?

f) Why was the kitchen the place to be in?

g) Why was the table worth looking at?

h) How meticulously were the children dressed up?

i) What kind of people were invited to the party?

j) How was the party going on?

k) What did the dining- room look like when the children entered it?

l) What made Sun give a loud wail ? Did Moon wail too?

 

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) We --------------- that nothing had happened.

b) Every time the train went past, the windows----------.

c) Ruth -------------Martin for being late.

d) It’s difficult to manage -------- children.

e) Several windows had been -------------- during the storm.

f) She --------- at him and forced a smile.

g) Adam said that I was infinitely ---------- to him.

h) The gardener ----------- the bush into a heart shape.

i) You -------- to see a lot of her, didn’t you?

j) She ------ the coins in her pocket.

k) He said he’ll be coming tomorrow. --------, I think that’s what he said.

 

Explain in other words the following phrases. Find in the story sentences with the following expressions and read them aloud. Translate them into Russian and let your fellow students translate them back into English without a book.

to keep out of one’s way; to get tangled in people’s legs; to make eyes at something; to be high time one did something; to take ages; to do something on purpose; to make silly of oneself; give somebody a bone; pajamas legs; to stump off.

 

Differentiate between the words and expressions denoting ways of producing sounds taken from the story.

to squeak; to groan; to whisper; to cry; to shriek; to sob; to wail; to laugh.

Find words opposite in meaning to the following ones from the story.

Perfect; real; heavy; silly; skinny; serious; naughty; jolly.

Give synonyms.

To be tired; to be frightened; shining; clean; precious; lovely.

 

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Не мешайтесь под ногами; ему так не хотелось; мужчина с бледным лицом; место, где стоило побывать; совсем не сердитая; глядеть во все глаза; пора; раздеть догола; медлить; спокойные игры; сделать нарочно; дурачиться; угостить; не позволю собой командовать.

Put in the missing prepositions.

a) Are you afraid …spiders?

b) I entirely agree … you.

c) We agreed … most things.

d) Let’s try to agree… a date.

e) I’ll agree … your suggestion if you lower the price.

f) I’m angry … her … lying to me.

g) What are you so angry …?

h) I must apologize … disturbing you.

i) What time do we arrive … the airport?

j) What time do you arrive … England?

k) Don’t believe … her.

l) I don’t believe … a word she says.

m) I half believe … life after death.

n) He doesn’t want to be dependent … his parents.

o) I often dreamed … being famous when I was younger.

 

Comment on the following words of the author.

a) ‘ But she ( Moon) never knew the difference between real things and not real ones.’

b) ‘He ( Sun) did so hate being sent stumping back to the nursery. It didn’t matter about Moon’.

c) ‘She ( Moon) always wanted to touch all the food. Sun didn’t.’

d) ‘There was only one man that Sun really liked…He was a little grey man with long grey whiskers, who walked about by himself.’

e) ‘… Sun had never seen him ( Father) so jolly.’

f) ‘Suddenly he ( Sun) put up his head and gave a loud wail.’

 

Respond to the statements.

a) ‘Men act and women appear. Men look at women. Women watch themselves being looked at.’

John Berger (b. 1926), British author, critic.

b) ‘There is very little difference between men and women in space.’

Helen Sharman (b. 1963), British scientist, astronaut.

 

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons.

a) Woman submits to her fate; man makes his.

EMile Gaboriau (1835–73), French author

.

b) Men are gentle, honest and straightforward. Women are convoluted, deceptive and dangerous.

Erin Pizzey (b. 1939), British civil rights activist.

 

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

 

Life of Ma Parker

"Oh! dear me! I'm sorry to hear that," said the literary gentleman in a shocked tone. He was in the middle of his breakfast. He wore a… "Beg parding, sir?" said old Ma Parker huskily. Poor old bird! She did look dashed. "I hope the funeral was a—a—success," said he. Ma Parker gave no answer.…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Bury, awkward, sigh, knee, coax, squashed, bowl, gigantic, neighbours, vague, flour, knife, cough, saucepan, solemn, scissors, dove, frighten.

Comprehension Check

a) How was Ma Parker earning her living?

b) What tragedy had she gone through lately?

c) Do you think the literary gentleman she was working for cared much about the tragedy?

d) Did Ma Parker’s life differ greatly from the life depicted by the literary gentleman?

e) Do you think Ma Parker loved her grandson dearly?

f) How does the episode with the escaped cocoa characterize the literary gentleman?

g) Ma Paker felt very deserted, didn’t she?

h) Do you think crying out might help Ma Parker?

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column. Find sentences with these words in the story.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) I ……………….. to sleeping late.

b) Molly had fought and ……………. her fear of flying.

c) They ……………… ideas.

d) I don’t know why everybody …………………about a few mosquitoes.

e) There is no doubt it was an accident and I ………………………

f) Once inside, we didn't ………. whether it rained or not.

g) “Our happiness or ………… depends on our dispositions, and not on our circumstances” (Martha Washington).

h) Because he was being so kind and concerned, I …………… and cried.

i) Where is that ………………. son of yours?

j) They are always willing to ………… and offer what advice they can.

k) They suffered ……….. injuries.

l) We hope it will be a commercial …………….

 

Consult your dictionary and give all possible derivatives from the following words.

to tie cruel to breath to care to dread
to allow to dream to dress to bear misery
to pray to produce to appear to offend possible

Find words opposite in meaning to the following ones from the story. Use them in the sentences of your own.

Neat; cruelly; put on; say loudly; strengthen; complicated; tiny.

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Литератор; ему стало неловко; придают большое значение; снова принялся за завтрак; было для нее мукой; понадобилась бы целая книга; вот и все; на мою долю выпало немало; казалось, для нее это не прозвучало убедительно; ей показалось; сохранила свое достоинство; все принимали его за девочку; все было бесполезно; довольный сам собой; она всегда держалась достойно; она не могла больше откладывать; испугать до смерти.

 

Expand on the following.

a) ‘ It would take a whole book to describe the state of the kitchen.’

b) ‘ She’s had a hard life, has Ma Parker.’

c) ‘He’d never been a strong child – never from the first.’

d) ‘Her misery was so terrible that she pinned on her hat, put on her jacket and walked out of the flat like a person in a dream.’

e) ‘Ah, that’s what she wants to do, my dove. Gran wants to cry

 

Comment on the following words of the author.

‘ Oh, wasn’t there anywhere where she could hide and keep herself to herself and stay as long as she liked, not disturbing anybody, and nobody worrying her?… There was nowhere.’

 

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Respond to the statement.

a) ‘Let no one till his death

Be called unhappy. Measure not the work

Until the day’s out and the labour done.’

Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806–1861), English poet.

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons.

a) ‘Never believe straight off in a man’s unhappiness. Ask him if he can still sleep. If the answer’s “yes,” all’s well. That is enough.’

Louis-Ferdinand CeLine (1894–1961), French author.

b) ‘The secret of being miserable is to have leisure to bother about whether you are happy or not. The cure for it is occupation.’

George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950), Anglo-Irish playwright, critic.

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

Marriage a la Mode

And Paddy had said, "I had red ribbing on mine bee-forel" And Johnny had said, "It's always pink on mine. I hate pink." But what was William to do? The affair wasn't easily settled. In the old days, of course, he would have taken a taxi…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Towel, precious, awkward, gnawing, congenial, hearthrug, fire-shovel, tong, petunia, imbecile, extraordinary, studio, exquisite, sprawl, strawberry, wander, Noah’s Ark, mo an, pirouette, chew, yawn, weight, mayonnaise, oar.

 

Comprehension Check

a) What kind of family does the author describe in the story?

b) What changes occurred in the life of the family? Does William like them?

c) What does William do to earn his living?

d) What does William hope for coming home on Saturdays?

e) Why doesn’t he like Isabel’s new friends?

f) What was he reading on his way home?

g) Why does William decide to write a letter to Isabel? What kind of letter is it?

h) What was Isabel’s reaction to the letter?

 

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column. Find sentences with these words in the story.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) As far as we are concerned, the matter is ……………….

b) Your mama and I are gonna ………… you at Christmas.

c) He ……………. his younger brother.

d) I would do anything to …………… them to stay.

e) They managed to …………….. a rare manuscript from the fire .

f) She …………….. around in her bag for her keys.

g) He …………. nervously in the doorway.

h) He rose from his seat and ………….. the door.

i) ……………. to that rope and don’t let go.

j) You are ………… the child by allowing him to do everything he wants.

k) Make sure your pet won’t ……………. you while you are away.

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Вновь с болью подумал; им снова не повезло; их лица вытянулись; экономить время; сулило неизбежную смерть любому; тайком пробраться; вагон для курящих; от этого можно сойти с ума; Боже мой! ; босой; Ей можно было дать четырнадцать; не мог не улыбнуться мрачно; спросил он по-детски; что это на него нашло?; они истерично хохотали.

Find words opposite in meaning to the following ones from the story.

Decent; to scrap; appallingly; gloomily; generous; to be crowded; tenderly.

Give synonyms.

Quieten down; poky; to look after; ridiculous ; marvelous ; loathsome.

Expand on the following.

a) ‘With his two awkward parcels he strode off to his train.’

b) ‘The same thing happened every Saturday afternoon.’

c) ‘He ( William) hadn’t the slightest idea that Isabel wasn’t as happy as he.’

d) ‘And he remembered the holidays they used to have…’

e) ‘After tea the others went off to bathe, while William stayed and made his peace with the kiddies.’

f) ‘It was not until William was waiting for his taxi next afternoon that he found himself alone with Isabel.’

g) ‘But to their surprise, Isabel crushed the letter in her hand.’

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Respond to the statements.

a) ‘Love is moral even without legal marriage, but marriage is immoral without love.’

Ellen Key (1849–1926), Swedish author, feminist.

 

b) ‘Marrying to increase love is like gaming to become rich; alas, you only lose what little stock you had before.’

William Wycherley (1640–1716), English dramatist.

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons.

a) ‘A man in love is incomplete until he has married—then he’s finished.’

Zsa Zsa Gabor (b. 1919), Hungarian-born U.S. actor.

 

b) ‘Nature admits of no permanence in the relation between man and woman. It is only man’s egoism that wants to keep woman like some buried treasure. All endeavors to introduce permanence in love, the most changeable thing in this changeable human existence, have gone shipwreck in spite of religious ceremonies, vows, and legalities.’

Leopold Von Sacher-Masoch (1836–95), Austrian novelist.

 

12. Use your imagination and restore William’s letter to Isabel.

‘My darling, precious Isabel…’

Miss Brill

There were a number of people out this after­noon, far more than last Sunday. And the band sounded louder and gayer. That was because the Season*… Only two people shared her "special" seat: a fine old man in a… She glanced, sideways, at the old couple. Perhaps they would go soon. Last Sunday, too, hadn't been as interesting as…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Eiderdown, wax, rogue, tingling, breathe, bosom, to crow, rotunda, expert, soldier, ermine, toque, wonder, audience, queer, frail, quiver, smooth, resolute, accompaniment, couple, heroine, yacht, honey, tiny.

 

Comprehension Check.

a) How old was the main character of the story? What was her profession? How do you know that?

b) Did she have a family of her own?

c) How did she usually spend her Sunday afternoons?

d) What did she enjoy most of all?

e) What did she indulge herself with on her way home?

f) How did the Sunday described in the story differ from all the others?

g) What was crying when she put the lid on the box?

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column. Find sentences with these words in the story.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) We are still trying to …………… a venue.

b) It was a …………… moment for Marianne.

c) Don’t be …………… - come and say hello.

d) I’m …………… to graduation.

e) It's …………… arguing with them.

f) He was endlessly kind and …………… with children.

g) I …………… of closing all the windows before leaving the house.

h) The boat was rocking gently …………… In the water.

i) You are all …………… Are you going somewhere?

j) It’s high time we got rid of this …………… furniture!

k) That is how we do things here. You’ll soon …………… it.

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Из ниоткуда; маленький проказник; народу гуляло много; круглый год; ему все равно; только двое сидели рядом с ней; они не прослужат долго; букетик цветов; карапуз; как молодая наседка; взялись под руку и пошли; соломенная шляпка; пожилая пара; как ей все это нравилось; представление; даже у нее была своя роль; они были влюблены; нелепая старая развалина; это имело большое значение; крошечный подарок.

Put in the missing prepositions.

a) What’s on … the theatre this week?

b) I’ve never read anything … Dickens.

c) Let’s take our time and go … boat.

d) My sister decided to go to America … several reasons.

e) Try to see it … my point of view.

f) … my opinion, she should have resigned earlier.

g) … the end, I got a visa for Russia.

h) I think the play is a bit weak … the end.

i) Please, fill in the form … ink.

j) She looks much younger … this photo.

k) I like walking …the rain.

Find in the story the sentences with the words or expressions given below, translate them into Russian and ask your classmates to translate them back into English.

The air was motionless; dear little thing; never mind; this was disappointing;

she had become really quite expert; to be patient; still as statues; there was something funny about…; to be delighted; no doubt; no wonder; to climb the stairs.

Express he same idea using different wording and grammar.

a) ‘She had become really quite expert… at listening as though she didn’t listen.’

b) ‘And she’d gone on the whole time about how she ought to wear spectacles.’

c) ‘Miss Brill wanted to shake her.’

d) ‘…rushed scolding to its rescue.’

e) ‘… they laughed and paired.’

f) ‘It was her Sunday treat.’

Differentiate between the following verbs from the story. Use some of them in sentences of your own.

To parade; to run; to rush; to come by; to go off; to pass; to hurry by; to come along; to run after; to walk on; to patter away; to march away; to hobble along; to walk abreast; to trot on.

10. Write out all expressions used to describe:

a) the band;

b) an Englishman and his wife;

c) old people walking in the park;

d) youngsters;

Expand on the following.

a) The day was ‘so brilliantly fine.’

b) ‘Miss Brill put up her hand and touched her fur.’

c) ‘And now an ermine toque and a gentleman in grey met just in front of her.’

d) ‘It was like a play. It was exactly like a play.’

e) ‘And what they played was warm, sunny…’

Comment on the following words of the author.

‘She unclasped the necklet quickly; quickly, without looking, laid it inside. But when she put the lid on she thought she heard something crying.’

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Her First Ball

"Have you really never been to a ball before, Leila? But, my child, how too weird—" cried the Sheridan girls. "Our nearest neighbour was fifteen miles," said Leila softly, gently… Oh dear, how hard it was to be indifferent like the others! She tried not to smile too much; she tried not to care.…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Suit, waltz, weird, neighbour, tuberose, wrap, ceiling, owl, azalea, , owl, ache,chaperone,vaguely, parquet, calico, toque, wand, echo, cough, mournful, solemn, pinafore, haughtily.

Comprehension Check

a) What did you learn about Leila’s background?

b) How did she feel about her first ball?

c) Were all the young people invited to the ball excited?

d) In what way did the men’s and the ladies’ conduct differ?

e) Who were Leila’s partners?

f) What was there in the fat man’s words that spoiled Leila’s mood?

g) Who improved the situation?

h) Was the young girl happy in fact?

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column. Find sentences with these words in the story.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) Would you …………… another drink?

b) There was an …………….. moment as couples decided whether to stand next to their partners.

c) His face grew ………….. .

d) Have you ………………… where to go for your honeymoon?

e) So you made it ……………. ?

f) He jumped off the bus and …………….. the nearest bar.

g) The news caused great …………….. among her friends.

h) The government cannot afford to ………. to public opinion.

i) She brought some teaspoons as a keepsake of our trip to Italy.

j) It’s really ……….. seeing yourself on television.

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Трудно сказать; не имело значения; незнакомый молодой человек; она пыталась казаться равнодушной; как замечательно иметь брата; единственный ребенок; не отставай; раздеться; темноволосые и светловолосые девушки; оркестр настроил свои инструменты; невозможно пережить одной; божественно; веснушчатый парень; пожалуйста, не беспокойтесь; очень скользко; все только начиналось; щеки ее пылали; откуда вы знаете?; вот для чего нужна старость; смеяться ей не хотелось; вы не должны воспринимать меня всерьез; из вежливости.

Consult your dictionary and give all possible derivatives from the following words.

to fasten to differ a fool happy to know
to breathe to please a danger polite to forget
to appear to compare a success soft to mourn

Put in the missing prepositions.

a) He took … his spectacles and rubbed frantically … the lens.

b) I had a hat …

c) He rubbed the back of his neck and smiled ruefully … me.

d) He glanced … his watch.

e) Instead … of going to work thinking that it will be totally boring, try to be positive.

f) They never argued … … … their children.

g) The moon disappeared … a cloud.

h) She was very sorry … the trouble she caused.

i) I am very sorry … the family.

j) Where did she buy it ……?

k) What’ wrong … Ratchel today?

Find in the story the sentences with the words or expressions given below, translate them into Russian and ask your fellow students to translate them back into English.

Every single thing; she couldn’t have helped crying; they pressed their way; it seem to give him so much trouble; enjoying yourself; she was quite grown up; he looked shabby; you mustn’t take me seriously; out of politeness; bumped her into.

Match one of the following adjectives to each description.

b) If you are ……… you feel a need to drink something. c) If a person is …………. he feels extremely frightened. d) Something that is ………….. is unexpected or unusual.

Pick out from the story the words and expressions the author uses to create a thrilling atmosphere of the ball.

Expand on the following.

a) ‘Oh dear, how hard it was to be indifferent like the others!’

b) ‘She ( Leila) quite forgot to be shy.’

c) ‘Leila had learned to dance at boarding school.’

d) ‘Leila did not feel like laughing.’

e)‘… a young man with curly hair bowed before her.’

Comment on the following words of the author.

a) ‘ …she had never known what the night was like before… And now it would never be like that again – it had opened dazzling bright.’

b) ‘When she looked though the dark windows at the stars they had ling beams like wings…’

Respond to the following.

a) ‘Oh, how quickly things changed! Why didn’t happiness last for ever? For ever wasn’t a bit too long.’ (Leila’s thought).

b) ‘So different are the colours of life, as we look forward to the future, or backward to the past; and so different the opinions and sentiments which this contrariety of appearance naturally produces, that the conversation of the old and young ends generally with contempt or pity on either side.’

Samuel Johnson (1709–84), English author, lexicographer.

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons.

a) ‘Enjoy the Spring of Love and Youth,

To some good angel leave the rest;

For Time will teach thee soon the truth,

There are no birds in last year’s nest!’

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807–82), U.S. poet.

b) ‘Youth does not require reasons for living, it only needs pretexts.’

Jose Ortega Y Gasset (1883–1955), Spanish essayist, philosopher.

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

Eleven o 'clock. A knock at the door. ...I hope I haven't disturbed you, madam. You weren't asleep—were you? But… ...Not at all, madam. I always make a cup of tea last thing. She drinks it in bed after her prayers to warm her up. I…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Knock, half, through, pansy, dangerous, quiet, fright, upholstress, jing-a-jingling, quarrel, lily-of –the-valley, gorgeous, brooch.

Comprehension Check

Work out the questions the woman Ellen was talking to asked her.

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column. Find sentences with these words in the story.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) They …………… customers by overcharging them for purchases.

b) You are ………. at getting what you want!

c) She can’t ……………. her shyness.

d) She looks a ……….. in that hat!

e) Nobody ………………….. to argue with Smith.

f) The garden looks a …………. In the summer.

g) He tends ………………. The difficulties.

h) Mr. Barnstaple had recovered strength of body and mind.

i) A place where you can have your hair cut, washed and shaped is called a …………. .

j) He ………….. to get a promotion.

k) She was absolutely …………… at having been deceived.

l) We …………………. in offering the best service in our town.

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Надеюсь. я вам не помешала; вы не спали?; чтобы согреться; не нужно слишком спешить; вести список; я очень злюсь; все свалилось на меня; никто не различит; как это проявлялось; потом она умерла; парикмахерская; по последней моде; будешь знать! Он видеть меня не хотел; ослики не выходили у меня из ума; притворилась, что сплю; этому не суждено было случиться; мы часто встречались; он ни перед чем не останавливался; хочет ли она, чтобы я отложила все; я не дала ему слова сказать; спи крепко; думать вредно.

Match the words on the left with the words or phrases of similar meaning on the right.

a) to be in a hurry to fail to recollect

b) to be through to go pale

c) afterwards to delay

d) to forget to make haste

e) put smth off to take care of

f) to mind about smb at a later time

g) to turn white awful

h) dreadful to finish

Match the words on the left with their opposites on the right.

a) wicked secure

b) dangerous bold

c) fearful rough

d) solemn encouraging

e) shy ugly

f) gentle moral

g) gorgeous joyous

Put in the missing prepositions.

a) Howard stood … the middle … the room sipping a cup … coffee.

b) His presence pulled her … short.

c) … last he stopped reading and looked … from his papers.

d) Ridley picked … and pencil and fiddled … it.

e) Women who put … having a baby often make the best mothers.

f) The class bust … laughing.

g) You’ve had chess … the brain since you were little.

h) Stop waiting … things to happen. Make them happen.

i) She took some friends … a ride in the family car.

j) Order me a pot of tea, I’m dying … thirst.

Expand on the following.

a) ‘ She was the sweetest old lady.’

b) ‘I’ve got nobody but my lady.’

c) ‘Do you know what I did, madam?’

d) ‘Beautiful those donkeys were!’

e) ‘The day came he was to call for me to choose the furniture.’

f) ‘ When Harry came I had his letters all ready.’

 

Comment on the following words of the heroine of the story.

a) ‘ And I don’t remember ever feeling – well - a child, as you might say.’

b) ‘Then she dropped her handkerchief and began to stoop down to pick it up herself – a thing she never did.’

c) ‘ But, there, thinking’s no good to anyone – is it, madam?’

11. Develop Ellen’s thought.

‘Oh, dear, I sometimes think … whatever should I do if anything were to…’

Respond to the statement.

‘Selfishness is not living as one wishes to live, it is asking others to live as one wishes to live.’

Oscar Wilde (1854–1900), Anglo-Irish playwright, author.

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons.

a) ‘Self-sacrifice enables us to sacrifice other people without blushing.’

George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950), Anglo-Irish playwright, critic.

b) ‘Too long a sacrifice

Can make a stone of the heart.’

W. B. Yeats (1865–1939), Irish poet, playwright.

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

 

The Fly

Well, perhaps so. All the same, we cling to our last pleasures as the tree clings to its last leaves. So there sat old Woodifield smoking a cigar… Wistfully, admiringly, the old voice added, "It's snug in here, upon my… "Yes, it's comfortable enough," agreed the boss, and he flipped the Financial Times with a paper-knife. As a…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

leather, nuisance, exultantly, pearly, moustaches, sacrilege, quavered, paths, desperately, clamber, oozed, scythe, minute, courage, laborious, timid, seized, grinding.

Comprehension Check

1. Where is the action set?

2. What do you know about Mr Woodfield?

3. Why is special attention given to the description of the boss’s room?

4. Do you think the two old men had known each other for a long time?

5. What did Mr Woofield tell his friend about his girls’ visit to Belgium?

6. What was the boss’s reaction to the news?

7. What did we learn about the boss’s past life?

8. What helped the boss draw away from his sad memories?

9. How did he feel after the episode with a fly?

 

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column. Find sentences with these words in the story.

Choose the right word or word combination from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) He spent three days ……… an absolute ………… himself.

b) The accident ………………. I’ll never forget.

c) Do you think these latest changes will … any ……..?

d) She ……. …….. some old photographs in a drawer.

e) The outing will …….. me ………. .

f) The bad times …………. .

g) I told him ………………. to pack his bags.

h) He never fulfilled his promises.

i) “Greatness is a spiritual condition worthy to excite love, interest, and …………. .” (Matthew Arnold).

j) Now that Chris is gone she wants me to ……………

k) The government is determined to ………….. inflation.

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Пора было уходить; с тех пор, как он ушел на пенсию; никуда его не выпускали; полон жизни; он гордился своим кабинетом; с рисунком; не привлек внимание; я помнил; его песенка спета; не повредит и ребенку; по большому секрету; у старика отвисла челюсть; казалось, он сейчас заплачет; это кощунство; злоупотреблять нашими чувствами; проводил старика; это было ужасным потрясением; он был совершенно неиспорченным мальчиком; казалось небо обрушилось; промокашка; напрасно.

Find in the story one or more synonyms to the following words. Reproduce the situations they are used in .

to scare to look at somebody to demonstrate to be cozy

Find sentences with the following adjectives and adverbs in the story. Read and translate the sentences.

greedily wonderingly unnatural painfully
wistfully hastily desperately laborious
exultantly marvelously horrible stout
jokingly bright joyfully grave-looking
feebly terrible boyish nutty

Discussion points.

a) What is the role of the episode with a fly in the context of the story?

b) Why did the boss try to kill the insect with such wretchedness?

 

Comment on the following words of the author.

a) ‘We cling to our last pleasures as the tree clings to its last leaves.’

b) ' That was the right way to tackle things; that was the right spirit. Never say die; it was only the question of…’

Respond to the statements.

a) ‘To fight aloud is very brave,

But gallanter, I know,

Who charge within the bosom

The Cavalry of Woe.'

Emily Dickinson (1830–86), U.S. poet.

b) ‘There is no wisdom in useless and hopeless sorrow, but there is something in it so like virtue, that he who is wholly without it cannot be loved.’

Samuel Johnson (1709–84), English author, lexicographer.

c) ‘Melancholy and sadness are the start of doubt . . . doubt is the beginning of despair; despair is the cruel beginning of the differing degrees of wickedness.’

Isidore Ducasse, Comte de Lautrйamont (1846–70), French author, poet.

 

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons.

 

a) ‘Is life worth living? This is a question for an embryo not for a man.’

Samuel Butler (1835–1902), English author.

b) ‘I should have no objection to go over the same life from its beginning to the end: requesting only the advantage authors have, of correcting in a second edition the faults of the first.’

Benjamin Franklin (1706–90), U.S. statesman, writer.

c) ‘We are doomed to cling to a life even while we find it unendurable.’

William James (1842–1910), U.S. psychologist, philosopher.

d) ‘Life is obstinate and clings closest where it is most hated.’

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797–1851), English novelist.

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

 

The Tiredness of Rosabel

Through her half-closed eyes the whole row of people on the opposite seat seemed to resolve into one fatuous, staring face... And this was her corner. She stumbled a little on her way out and lurched… Westbourne Grove looked as she had always imagined Venice to look at night, mysterious, dark, even the hansoms were…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Cocoa, jeweller’s, inane, dialogue, voluptuous, fatuous, feather, exquisitely, brougham, suede, champagne, scent, boudoir, tulle, ancestral, curtsey, quilt, dawn, flood, nervous, calico.

Comprehension Check

b) What was her mood when she was returning home? c) What means did the author use to describe Rosabel’s tiredness? d) What had happened during her working day?

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) There was ………….. time to get to the airport.

b) She spent all her ……. In a year.

c) They ……………. to be married.

d) We went to Venice for our ……………

e) She addressed me with an easy …………. that made me feel at home.

f) He …………… to speak to the manager.

g) Blue ….. you. You should wear it more often.

h) She promised to ………… the other day but seemed to forget about it.

i) They …… each other on sight.

j) …………… are often represented as small people with wings.

k) She ………….. everything for the children.

 

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Это была основная причина; шляпная мастерская; что-нибудь горячее, острое и сытное; наверняка ее возраста; глупый, действующий на нервы разговор; шевеля губами; эскалатор; она чуть не расплакалась; отговорка была шита белыми нитками; рыжие волосы; им было трудно угодить; замшевые перчатки; вот это настоящая жизнь; обыденные вопросы; полусонная.

Put in the missing prepositions.

a) The car was parked in the small weedy lot next … the hotel.

b) She looked … … the window; there was nobody … the street.

c) The veranda was equipped … heavy wooden rain doors that were kept close … night.

d) Try … clothing and shoes to make sure they fit.

e) The desk was covered … papers.

Find in the story the sentences with the words or expressions given below, translate them into Russian and ask your fellow students to translate them back into English.

A hard day’s work; a cheap paper-covered edition; jeweller’s shop; it was really criminal to…; to try on; well dressed; in despair; they had been charmed; did not pay the slightest attention; shake hands with…; she dreamed.

8. Pick out from the story the words and expressions denoting:

a) pieces of clothes and shoe-wear;

b) meals and drinks;

c) fabric.

Expand on the following.

a) Rosabel was hungry that day.

b) The city looked mysterious at night.

c) Rosabel lived in a rather cheap flat.

d) There was something indecent about the young man’ behavior.

e) ‘Suppose they ( Rosabel and a girl with beautiful hair) changed places.’

f) ‘So she slept and dreamed.’

g) ‘That was life, thought Rosabel.’

Comment on the following words of the author.

a) ‘ And because her heritage was that tragic optimism, which is all too often the only inheritance of youth… she smiled, with a little nervous tremor round her mouth.’

b) ‘Yes, it was a voluptuous night…But she became very tired.’

‘Oh, the haven of those arms, and she was very tired.’

‘She was very tired after the journey and went upstairs to bed… quite early…’ Will her tiredness ever cease?

Respond to the statements.

a) ‘Chance is the one thing you can’t buy. . . . You have to pay for it and you have to pay for it with your life, spending a lot of time, you pay for it with time, not the wasting of time but the spending of time.’

Robert Doisneau (b. 1912), French photographer.

b) ‘Dreams come true; without that possibility, nature would not incite us to have them.’

John Updike (b. 1932), U.S. author, critic.

c) ‘Man’s real life is happy, chiefly because he is ever expecting that it soon will be so.’

Edgar Allan Poe (1809–45), U.S. poet, critic, short-story writer.

 

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons.

a) ‘What we call luck is the inner man externalized. We make things happen to us.’

Robertson Davies (b. 1913), Canadian novelist, journalist.

b) ‘There is no chance, and no anarchy, in the universe. All is system and gradation. Every god is there sitting in his sphere.’

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–82), U.S. essayist, poet, philosopher.

c) ‘In short, Luck’s always to blame.’

Jean de La Fontaine (1621–95), French poet, fabulist.

 

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

The Little Girl To the little girl he was a figure to be feared and avoided. Every morning… In the evening, leaning over the banisters at his home-coming, she heard his loud voice in the hall. "Bring my…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Perfunctory, pew, tattoo, yawn, couch, wander, sew, wrap, shawl, laboriously, venetian, hiccough.

 

Comprehension Check

a) What feelings did Kezia harbor towards her father?

b) Why did the girl start stuttering when she spoke to her father?

c) What word did Kezia choose to characterize her father?

d) What surprise did the girl prepare for her father?

e) Was it a success?

f) What was the father’s reaction?

g) Who did the little girl compare her father with? Did she envy the Macdonalds’ children?

h) What kind of nightmares did the girl have?

i) How did she manage to avoid the nightmare the night when her mother was in hospital?

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column. Find sentences with these words in the story.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) He is a … of a man.

b) We all breathed a sigh of …… when he left.

c) Serve the fish on a bed of ………. lettuce.

d) The islands ……… to Spain.

e) He still has ………….. about the accident.

f) The name was changed to ………… confusion with another firm.

g) The inhabitants have to walk a mile …………….. water.

h) The house had been ………. by burglars.

i) They’d …………… hope for having children.

j) How much money do we need to do the job …….. ?

k) She was …… that he had left without saying goodbye.

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Возвращение домой; пошевеливайся; заикаться; что случилось?; на грани самоубийства; татуировка; крепко спать; ты похожа на…; сидела дома с простудой; в доме был ужасный скандал; вышагивал туда-сюда; научить раз и навсегда; некому о нем позаботиться; я слышу, как оно бьется.

 

Differentiate between the following lexical units. Think of your own sentences to bring out the difference.

a) sense – feeling;

b) to make of / from / out of;

c) to find – to discover.

Put in the missing prepositions.

The doorbell rang and my sister entered … waiting … someone to let her … ‘You sure picked a good day … going south,’ she yelled … her shoulder … me as… Nobody replied. Thee heat and the occasion had made us quiet. Eleanor continued her monologue. ‘Where is Sara? When is…

Find in the story the sentences with the words or expressions given below, translate them into Russian and ask your fellow students to translate them back into English.

A figure to be feared; a perfunctory kiss; to look wretched about; his eyes narrowed; there was a hue and cry over the house; a stupefied manner; to play ‘tag’; tired out.

Expand on the following.

a) On Sunday Kezia went to church with her father.

b) Sunday afternoons were very much alike.

c) The girl prepared a birthday present for her father.

Comment on the following words of the author.

a) ‘ There were different sorts of fathers’.

b) ‘What a big heart you’ve got, father dear.’

Respond to the statements.

a) ‘That he delights in the misery of others no man will confess, and yet what other motive can make a father cruel?’

Joseph Addison (1672-1719), English essayist.

b) ‘Blessed indeed is the man who hears many gentle voices call him father!’

Lydia M. Child (1802-80), U.S. abolitionist, writer, editor.

c) What a dreadful thing it must be to have a dull father.’

Mary Mapes Dodge (1838?-1905), U.S. writer, editor.

d) ‘I cannot think of any need in childhood as strong as the need for a father’s protection.’

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Austrian psychiatrist.

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons.

a) ‘That is the thankless position of the father in the family—the provider for all, and the enemy of all.’

J. August Strindberg (1849-1912), Swedish dramatist, novelist, poet.

b) ‘Fathers should be neither seen nor heard. That is the only proper basis for family life.’

Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), Anglo-Irish playwright, author.

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

Pension Seguin

rather than five flights of beautifully polished French stairs. "Have you a room?" The servant girl did not know. She would ask… "Will you come in, please." Through the dark hall, guarded by a large black stove that had the appearance of…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Hideous, tureen, guarded, clamour, cypress, failures, crochet, sobriety, kimono, lilac, pinafore, apricot, alcove, derisive, engine,, chestnut, hitherto, salon, Conservatoire.

Comprehension Check.

a) How did the narrator find herself in the salon? What impression did it make on her?

b) What made her think that it was the kind of a resting place she had been looking for?

c) Did the guest like the room offered?

d) How did they agree about the price?

e) How many other people were staying at the salon?

f) Did the information about the other lodgers sound optimistic for the narrator?

g) Did the supper improve the narrator’s mood?

h) What fact misled the narrator in choosing a room to stay?

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) There is still an ……………amount of work to be done.

b) They seem to have become ………….. with a sense of their own omnipotence.

c) The city is dotted with small lakes, natural and …………….

d) The children never forget to………….before and after a meal.

e) …….. the lamb with new potatoes and green beans.

f) His rather …………. remark hurt me.

g) Not ….. with stealing my boyfriend, she has turned all my friends against me.

h) Are you …………. that I’m wrong?

i) He is highly ………… to flattery.

j) They are ….. to their children.

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Ее круглое румяное лицо светилось, словно только что вымытая фарфоровая посуда; всевидящее око; я не посмела; пристанище; повторная неудача; одиночество; комната сдается; совершенно естественно; чтобы убедиться; единственная; и речи быть не может; единственная важная вещь; до такой степени; по крайней мере; она не прекращала; мы всегда немного болтаем; в отчаянии; увы.

Think of a synonym, or a near synonym, and an antonym for the following adjectives. Sometimes several words are possible.

Adjective Synonym Antonym
efficient    
hideous    
ridiculous    
narrow    
cheerful    
sober    
quiet    
delicious    
innocent    
scornful    

Conversation-building expressions. There are some common expressions that help to modify or organize what we are saying.

expression meaning
As I was saying takes the conversation back to an earlier point
As I / you say repeats and confirms something someone has already said
Talking of starting a new topic but linking it to the present one
If you ask me if you want my opinion( even if no-one has asked for it
That reminds me something in the conversation reminds you of something important
Come to think of it something in the conversation makes you realize that there may be a problem/query about something

Complete the fixed expressions in these sentences.

a) Come………….., I don’t remember giving her the key. I’d better ring her and check, just in case.

b) I you ……., the economy’s going to get much worse before it gets any better.

c) ………………holidays, have you got any plans for next year?

d) A: It’s going to be expensive.

B: Yes, it’ll be bun, and a great opportunity, but,………….., it will be expensive.

e) That……….., I have a message for you from Sid.

f) As……………., before the postwoman interrupted us, we plan to extend the house next spring.

Find in the story the sentences with the words or expressions given below, translate them into Russian and ask your fellow students to translate them back into English.

They rained upon me; my heart was … cast down; the fruits of pious solitude; familiar story; quite unexpectedly; quite away from everything; as long as I believed; extreme rarity; friendly fashion; judging by the smell; a family party.

Expand on the following.

a) ‘The saloon was long and narrow.’

b)The room was delightful.

c) Mademoiselle Ambatielos was keen on playing the piano.

d) ‘At eight the gong sounded for supper.’

Comment on the following words of the author.

a) ‘ …the great thing to learn in this life is to be content with appearances.’

b) ‘ Courage is like a disobedient dog, once it starts running away it flies all the faster for your attempts to recall it.’

c) ‘…a woman with such sober passions is bound to be quiet and clean, with few babies and a much absent husband.’

 

Respond to the statement.

a) ‘The wit makes fun of other persons; the satirist makes fun of the world; the humorist makes fun of himself, but in so doing, he identifies himself with people—that is, people everywhere, not for the purpose of taking them apart, but simply revealing their true nature.’

James Thurber (1894–1961), U.S. humorist, illustrator.

b) ‘No man who has once heartily and wholly laughed can be altogether irreclaimably bad.’

Thomas Carlyle (1795–1881), Scottish essayist, historian.

 

12. Challenge the following statement.

‘The sense of humour has other things to do than to make itself conspicuous in the act of laughter.’

Alice Meynell (1847–1922), English poet, essayist.

 

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

Late at Night

Virginia (laying the letter down): I don't like this letter at all—not at all. I wonder if he means it to be so snubbing—or if it's just his way.… Oh, I wish I hadn't sent him that letter telling him to take care of himself.… I must start going to church again; it's fatal sit­ting in front of the fire and thinking. There are the hymns, too;…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Fatal, ought, yearn, hymn, croon, knit, abominably, embittered, tremendous, exaggerate, dowdy, sight, fascinating, sentimentalize.

Comprehension Check

b) Why did she consider it offensive? c) Why did Sunday evenings have a special effect on the woman? d) What are Virginia’s thoughts mainly preoccupied with?

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) It was a night-time …. that disappeared in the morning.

b) He said nothing but just ………….. working.

c) Try and ……………….your visitors before I get there.

d) I’m sorry, I’ve been no ………… to you.

e) He …………….heavily on his family.

f) He gave a broad ………. that he was thinking of retiring.

g) If you …………………someone you pay attention to them to make sure that nothing bad happens to them.

h) He had a rather ………. wife and several children.

i) At times the ………….. of those in power is quite blatant.

j) Her refusal to attend the dinner is being seen as a deliberate ……. to the President.

k) I’ve …………….. walking up very early.

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Его манера; должно быть он именно это имел в виду; береги себя; отдала бы все на свете; давать волю своим чувствам; с какой стати; далеко зайти; вешаться на шею; увидела себя в зеркале; навсегда; хочется плакать; никому нет дела; мужчины очень беззащитны.

 

Find words opposite in meaning to the following ones from the story.

a) to be pleased;

b) safely;

c) tremendous;

d) important.

Find in the story words similar in meaning to the following.

a) out of the ordinary;

b) endless;

c) to enjoy smth very much.

Differentiate between the following lexical units. Think of your own sentences to bring out the difference.

a) to lie- to lay;

b) wonder – wander;

c) What ( a)! – How!;

d) wait for – expect – look forward – await;

e) terrible – terrific – frightening/terrifying - frightful.

Put in the missing prepositions.

a) I didn’t do it. Don’t shout … me!

b) They didn’t hear you. You’ll have to shout … them again.

c) I’ll be thinking … you when you are having your interview.

d) John married … the girl next door.

e) I’ve married … John for five years.

f) I seem to spend most of my time dreaming … you.

g) You shouldn’t ask people … personal questions.

h) No one ever died … hard work.

Find in the story the sentences with the words or expressions given below, translate them into Russian and ask your fellow students to translate them back into English.

That was so fatal; have such a funny effect on me; that is too much; a stranger; get keen on him; to care a straw; after a certain point; boundless love; I’ve got lines; not quite as bad as that; a sign of age; I get cross.

Expand on the following.

a) ‘ I’m strong, and far, far richer than most women.’

b) ‘ I suppose that’s why women take to drink.’

Comment on the following words of the author.

a) It’s fatal sitting in front of the fire and thinking.’

b) ‘Men are very helpless.’

 

Respond to the statements.

a) ‘The true man wants two things: danger and play. For that reason he wants woman, as the most dangerous plaything.’

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900), German philosopher.

b) ‘So it is naturally with the male and the female; the one is superior, the other inferior; the one governs, the other is governed; and the same rule must necessarily hold good with respect to all mankind.’

Aristotle (384–322 B.C.), Greek philosopher.

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons

a) ‘A woman who . . . gives any advantage to a man may expect a lover—but will sooner or later find a tyrant.’

Lord Byron (1788–1824), English poet.

b) ‘Sure men were born to lie, and women to believe them!’

John Gay (1685–1732), English dramatist. L

c) ‘Men know that women are an over-match for them, and therefore they choose the weakest or most ignorant. If they did not think so, they never could be afraid of women knowing as much as themselves.’

Samuel Johnson (1709–84), English author, lexicographer.

 

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

 

Sixpence

"Dicky, come here! Come here, sir, at once! Do you hear your mother calling you? Dicky!" But Dicky wouldn't come. Oh, he heard right enough. A clear, ringing little… It had begun at tea-time. While Dicky's mother and Mrs. Spears, who was spending the afternoon with her, were quietly…

Transcribe and pronounce correctly the words from the story.

Warning, sewing, pour, seize, exasperating, damson, encouragingly, monk, escapade, naughty, bear, kneel, quiver, swallow, coward, awkward, paw.

 

Comprehension Check

a) How many children did the family have? What kind of children were they?

b) How did Dicky behave that particular day?

c) What piece of advice did Mrs Spears give? Why did she consider herself to be a guru in bringing up children?

d) What was Mrs Bendull’s first impulse? Why did she change her mind?

e) In what mood did the father of the family come home?

f) How did Mr Bendull punish the boy?

g) What was the boy’s reaction ?

h) What did Edward feel after the unpleasant event?

i) How did the father try to settle the affair?

 

Match the following definitions in the left column with the words in the right column. Find sentences with these words in the story.

Choose the right word from the above exercise for each of the sentences below.

a) He did it …………… , knowing it would annoy her.

b) They would just catch the robbers and ………………… to the police.

c) I just ………………. that he’d always be around.

d) It was strange for such a reserved man to ……………..

e) She did it herself to ……….. argument.

f) None of them could ………….. $50 for a ticket.

g) He tried to ………… the image of Helen’s sad face.

h) We’d been ……………. to think that borrowing money was bad.

i) ……………. of rain are expected in the afternoon.

j) Modern farming methods can …….. an adverse ………. on the environment.

 

Find the English equivalents to the following words or phrases and use them in the sentences of your own.

Всегда, как шелковый; его никак не утихомирить; ребенок просто обезумел; сладкий голос; вы совершаете большую ошибку; ничто не может заменить этого; говорю вам по собственному опыту; мягкие меры; в глубине души; сильно уставший; что случилось?; какая-то штуковина; его непослушание выходит за всякие рамки; чистить зубы; ввалиться в комнату непрошено; с этим надо что-то делать; ему было неловко.

Differentiate between the following.

a) Sensible – sensitive;

b) By yourself - on your own;

c) Used to - to be used to - accustomed

Put the correct preposition or combination of prepositions into each gap.

a) After running up the stairs he was ……breath.

b) My sister and I are very different. We don’t have much ….. common at all.

c) I don’t want to go to Franco’s Restaurant again. We always go there. Let’s go somewhere else…………. a change.

d) I don’t dislike Jane. …………the contrary, I’m very fond of her.

e) ………..general I go abroad for my holidays, but occasionally I stay at home.

f) It always pays to buy high-quality goods. ……….the long run it’s cheaper.

g) You most certainly cannot borrow my car. It’s completely ………the question.

h) This is a very important decision. All our lives are …..stake.

i) I went on holiday……. my own because sometimes I like being……..myself.

j) I’ll do it tomorrow. No, ……. second thoughts, I’ll do it today.

Consult your dictionary and give all possible derivatives from the following words.

to account to marvel to encourage
to create to dignify to punish

Find in the story the sentences with the words or expressions given below, translate them into Russian and ask your classmates to translate them back into English.

That would be too undignified; it was more than annoying; I don’t care; she explained the while affair; it is the duty of the father; perfect little models; a mistake so easy to make; a professional manner; to have no control over; to behave properly; to buck up.

9. How would you describe a person who is:

a) worthy of imitation; commendable;

b) impossible to understand or explain;

c) showing caring feelings and love for smb;

d) doing what he is told to do;

e) behaving badly; not willing to obey.

10. Pick out from the story:

a) all the adjectives which enter word combinations with the noun voice:

e.g. a rasping voice / a silky voice / a soothing voice.

b) all possible word combinations describing acts of moving.

Expand on the following.

a) Dicky’s behavior during those ‘outbreaks’;

b) Mrs Spears’ upbringing theory;

c) Edward’s mood after having punished the boy.

Comment on the following words of the author.

a) ‘ …Mrs Spears’ callers often made the remark that you never would have known that there was a child in the house. There wasn’t – very often.’

b) ‘ But could even that – could even a whole sixpence – blot out what had been?’

Respond to the statements.

a) ‘Distrust everyone in whom the impulse to punish is powerful!’

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900), German philosopher.

b) ‘Corporal punishment is as humiliating for him who gives it as for him who receives it; it is ineffective besides. Neither shame nor physical pain have any other effect than a hardening one.’

Ellen Key (1849–1926), Swedish author, feminist.

c) ‘If your buttocks burn, you know you have done wrong.’

White South African Proverb.

d) ‘Then spare the rod and spoil the child.’

Samuel Butler (1612–80), English poet.

Challenge the following statements. Give your reasons.

a) ‘In its function, the power to punish is not essentially different from that of curing or educating.’

Michel Foucault (1926–84), French philosopher.

b) ‘Whipping and abuse are like laudanum: you have to double the dose as the sensibilities decline.’

Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811–96), U.S. novelist, anti-slavery campaigner.

c) ‘Why not whip the teacher when the pupil misbehaves?’

Diogenes of Sinope [“The Cynic”] (c. 410–c. 320 B.C.), Greek philosopher, moralist.

d) ‘I’m all for bringing back the birch, but only between consenting adults.’

Gore Vidal (b. 1925), U.S. novelist, critic.

Choose a passage and prepare it for model reading. Give reasons for your choice. Translate the passage into Russian.

Speak on or write an essay about your assessment of the story and your impressions of it.

 

СПИСОК ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ

  1. Copage J.,Cook J. First Certificate.Use of English.Pearson Education Ltd..London,2000.
  2. English Dictionary for Advanced Learners. Harper Collins Publishers. Glasgow, 2001.
  3. Fergusson R. The Penguin Dictionary of English Synonims and Antonims. Penguin Books Ltd.,London,1992.
  4. Longman Dictionary of English Language and Culture.Pearson EducationLtd.,Harlow,2000.
  5. Longman Language Activator. Pearson EducationLtd.,Harlow,2000.
  6. Mansfield K., Selected Stories. Raduga Publishers. Moscow,2002.
  7. Microsoft Encarta Encyclopaedia, 2006.
  8. Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students Of English. Oxford University Press,2002.
  9. Vince M., Sunderland P. Advanced Language Practice. Macmillan Education Oxford,2003.

Пономарева СветланаАлександровна

Мавлина Ирина Трифоновна

Богдановская Наталья Борисовна

LIFE IS SWEET THOUGH IT MAY BE BITTER …

ЖИЗНЬ ПРЕКРАСНА, ДАЖЕ ЕСЛИ…

Учебное пособие по развитию навыков чтения и устной речи

для слушателей программы дополнительного профессионвального образования «Переводчик в сфере апрофессиональной коммуникации» и элективных курсов гуманитарно-социальных специальностей.

(английский язык)

 

 

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